Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) or commonly known as Drones are commercially used from the 1980’s. They have their need in various fields with advanced technologies and robust investments it has found its place in agriculture. From monitoring the crops to water them there various kinds of Drones available in the market which helps higher end farmers profusely. The farmer can either buy a drone for his own use or hire a third party Drone specialist for his needs. In this article let us look at the roles of Drones in the agriculture area.
- Analysis of the land
Drones are useful from the start in agriculture. They can be used to analysis the soil and to design maps to plan for seed plantation. Once planting is done drones can be used to plan for irrigation and fertilizer usage.
There are initiatives to create a drone specifically for planting the seeds. The drone is designed to be shooting the seeds with required fertilizer or mineral into the soil. The seeds take the necessary nutrients from them and start to grow.
Drones can be also used in spraying water to the cultivated plants. Drones are built with ultrasonic echoing technique enabling them to adjust their elevation according to the geography of the land. This method is useful to maintain a certain a height from the plants and spray water with added mineral to the plants. It’s a highly recommended system as it prevents the chemicals penetrating the soil, efficiently uses water and can cover a wide area in lesser time. Drones also have thermal sensors which can identify the areas where the crops are dry and need more water. It also senses the density of the crop in a particular area and sprays water according to the need.
- Supervises the Crops
Vast area of farms increases the difficulty in monitoring the crops efficiently. In case of natural calamities, external attack or any disease in the crops can be easily supervised with the help of drones. Satellite images were used in the olden days for this purpose but it has limitations including cost, poor image quality and unable to get images during a foggy day. But drones have eradicated all these short comings as they are predictable and more cost effective in monitoring the crops.
- Maintains Crop Health
Drones while making their supervising trips are able to detect bacterial or fungal infections and analyze the health of crops. The cameras attached to the drones can specify the nature and extent of the infection. The accurate and the reliable detection enable the farmer to take remedial measures immediately against the diseases.
Thus Drones are a real boon to Agricultural development and they help the farmers in a lot of ways. Though the cost of Drones seems to be expensive now, there are research going on to invent more economic and more farmer- friendly drones which will become a milestone in the agricultural development of the world.
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